Python Multi-Order Coverage maps for Virtual Observatory
DescriptionPyMOC provides a Python compatible library for handling MOCs. Frequently astronomical survey catalogues or images are sparse and cover only a small part of the sky. In a Multi-Order Coverage map the extent of data in a particular dataset is cached as a pre-calculated mask image. The hierarchical nature enables fast boolean operations in image space, without needing to perform complex geometrical calculations. Services such as VizieR generally offer the MOC masks, allowing a faster experience in graphical applications such as Aladin, or for researchers quickly needing to locate which datasets may contain overlapping coverage. The MOC mask image itself is tessellated and stored in NASA HealPix format, encoded inside a FITS image container. Using the HealPix (Hierarchical Equal Area isoLatitude Pixelization) tessellation method ensures that more precision (pixels) in the mask are available when describing complex shapes such as approximating survey or polygon edges, while only needing to store a single big cell/pixel when an coverage is either completely inside, or outside of the mask. Catalogues can be rendered on the mask as circles.
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