TeX Live: A decent selection of the TeX Live packages
The TeX Live software distribution offers a complete TeX system. It encompasses programs for typesetting, previewing and printing of TeX documents in many different languages, and a large collection of TeX macros and font libraries. . This metapackage provides a decent selection of the TeX Live packages which should suffice for the most common tasks. . The distribution also includes extensive general documentation about TeX, as well as the documentation accompanying the included software packages.
generic font configuration library - runtime
Fontconfig is a font configuration and customization library, which does not depend on the X Window System. It is designed to locate fonts within the system and select them according to requirements specified by applications.
PDF utilities (based on Poppler)
Poppler is a PDF rendering library based on Xpdf PDF viewer.
FreeType 2 font engine, shared library files
The FreeType project is a team of volunteers who develop free, portable and high-quality software solutions for digital typography. They specifically target embedded systems and focus on providing small, efficient and ubiquitous products.
TeX Live: LaTeX fundamental packages
These packages are either mandated by the core LaTeX team, or very widely used and strongly recommended in practice.
TeX Live: Additional fonts
This package includes the following CTAN packages: